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Update on Developments in Ethiopia - May 07, 2023

Amhara Resistance and the Abiy Regime’s Military Operation



The Amhara Association of America (AAA) has verified that on May 7th, 2023, the Abiy Ahmed-led Oromo Prosperity Party (OPP) regime has intensified its war on the Amhara people of Ethiopia. The regime has deployed the Oromo-dominated Ethiopian National Defense Forces (ENDF) to various localities of the North Gonder, North Wollo and North Shewa Zones of the Amhara Region as part of a “law enforcement operation” to disarm Amhara Special Forces (ASF) and Fano (volunteer, non-state militias). In response, heavy fighting has broke out between the ENDF and Amhara forces. Since the start of the operation, there have been mounting reports of human rights violations including indiscriminate shelling of civilians, property destruction, arbitrary arrests and house-to house searches. In parallel, abuses have continued in other parts of the country including by the Oromo ENDF and other armed groups, namely the Oromo Liberation Army (OLA) also known as the Oromo Liberation Front (OLF) Shene. According to media reports, the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) is mobilizing on the northern Welkait and Raya fronts to launch invasions into the Amhara Region and to capture these areas. The reports indicate that some of the TPLF soldiers are wearing ENDF uniforms and they are mobilizing heavy artillery and armaments indicating they were not disarmed in accordance with the Pretoria agreement. Verified updates are provided below, however this is not intended to be an exhaustive list of incidents:

  • The OPP-led ENDF operations against prominent Fano leaders exacerbated public outrage and protests including strikes and road blockades throughout Gonder city and various areas within the North Gonder Zone (Amhara Region, Ethiopia). In addition, the ENDF shelled civilian populations causing dozens of casualties and property destruction. In South Gonder Zone, authorities arrested two members of opposition party, National Movement of Amhara (NaMA). Meanwhile in areas to the north, the TPLF is mobilizing its troops to invade and attack the Welkait and Telemt areas. (Read the pdf below for more details).

  • AAA has verified that on April 30th, 2023 the Abiy regime declared open war on the Amhara people in various parts of the Amhara Region. Following this, the ENDF initiated attacks on Amharas in North Shewa alleging that they are Fano members in Majete and Shewa Robit, Antsokiya Gemza, Yifat and Debre Sina areas and the surrounding areas of the North Shewa Zone (Amhara Region, Ethiopia).

  • In Kobo town and the surrounding kebeles of Raya Kobo Woreda and Guba Lafto Woreda of the North Wollo Zone (Amhara Region, Ethiopia), the Abiy regime has been attacking civilians. In parallel, the TPLF is mobilizing its forces from Maychew (Tigray Region) to Raya (Amhara Region) to capture the territory.



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